Session Details

Session 3: Advances in Research ‎

Abstract Number:


The new, revolutionary bright Watt’s nickel ‎brightener/buffer process has resulted in the following exciting ‎benefits:‎
‎1.‎ Enhanced nickel metal distribution decreasing the nickel ‎metal costs. ‎
‎2.‎ The gloss is comparable to most nickel brightener systems ‎and in the European Union they have discovered even ‎more brightness/higher gloss.‎
‎3.‎ The nickel brightener system's amp hour consumption is 2-‎‎3 times less than conventional brightener systems. ‎


Advances & New Trends in Surface Finishes/Engineering
Advances in Surface Finishing ‎Technology

New, revolutionary Watt’s bright nickel process that is formulated with a proprietary ‎buffer/brightener chemistry that eliminates using boric acid for the buffer. The proprietary ‎buffer/brightener system changes the parameters of running a Watts bright nickel process. ‎Carboxylic acids constitute first generation of boric acid replacement, which are ‎characterized by an excellent buffer capacity, but, unfortunately, lack the well-‎known leveling power of traditional bright Watt’s nickel electrolytes. It is believed that the ‎loss of leveling results from the saturation of the co-ordinate sphere of nickel by such ‎carboxylic acids excluding, thereby, a direct interaction of so-called brighteners and levelers ‎with Watt’s nickel. These advancements in the parameters change the resulting Watts bright ‎nickel bath in brightness/gloss, metal distribution, and handling of contamination concerns. ‎The proprietary buffer system drives the process working synergistically with the proprietary ‎brightener system. The new process is proven in production for rack and barrel processes in ‎the European Union and is manufactured in Switzerland. This new proprietary buffer for ‎Watt's bright nickel processes has not been evaluated in semi-bright nickel nor microporous ‎nickel. The proprietary buffer system works extremely well in sulfamate nickel processes ‎resulting in some of the same advancements as in the Watt’s bright nickel process.‎


Eric Olander


EPI, Inc.